C language is an widely utilized programming language in the recent world. It is a procedural programming language, follows the structural programming language concept and does not support the object-oriented concept. C was officially introduced in the 1970s by Dennis Ritchie at Bell Laboratory.
It uses the structural concept with the union to fulfill the concept of object-oriented programming. Currently, C is the world’s most popular programming language for system programming, and computer game development. (UNIX).
Why name “C” was given to this programming language?
The ideas behind the C language were derived and taken from the ‘B’ Language.
BCPL and CPL are past versions of the ‘B’ language.
C was named because its predecessor was called B and many of the functions and features came from B so, it was named as ‘C’ programming language.
Why C Language?
C is a low-level programming language with a static framework and is very familiar with the concept of function and other structural components. C is a very organized programming language and it allows recursion, and lexical variable perusing.
C programming language is a machine-free language that is used to make any sort of utilizations and working frameworks like windows. It allows us to make other types of muddled projects like the Prophet, Git, and Python translators and video games. It is close to the machine that helps us to find out how the actual machine does its work at a very basic level with understanding.
What differentiates C from C++?
C++ is a superset of C programming language. C’s watchwords and all functions of administrators are utilized in C++. Both are the programming language with the same work strategy and they both do the same thing. C and C++ both follow a hierarchical execution stream and permit procedural and practical programming.
C is a procedural language and it follows the structural language and has no access to object-oriented programming concepts whereas C++ follows the object-oriented concept with full access to objects and the object-oriented programming language.
C programming language was made by Dennis Ritchie and C++ was made by Bjarne Stroustrup.
C++ is an extension of the C programming language, with enhancements such as classes, virtual functions, and templates.
C is used for system programming, computer game development, and many more. Where, C++ is used for commercial application development, embedded software, server/client applications, and video games.
History of C Programming Language
The first working framework is FORTRAN an assembly language, which was very difficult to understand. later the another advance framework COBOL was introduced which is better than FORTRAN but not easy to understand. After many framework was introduced like Algol, CPL, BCPL.
Features of C Programming Language
Features of C programming language are as follow
Quick and Efficient
C language is a static programming language which is quicker than a dynamic programming language and is unique compared to JAVA, Python, and other object-oriented programming languages. C program is a compiler-based program, which makes the execution and gathering of codes quicker and faster than in other languages.
C is a portable programming language, because of its portability over other operating systems and devices. It can easily run on other operating systems like Linux, mac, and more. And you can easily run the code over most of the IDEs like Visual Studio Code, Code Blocks, Sublime Text Editor, Dev C++, Turbo C++, and more.
Dynamic Memory Allocation
Dynamic memory management (DMA) is one of the main components of the C programming language which helps with dynamic memory allocation. It allows manual memory management for dynamic memory allocation with the help of functions with different C standard libraries like malloc(), calloc(), and realloc().
Pointer is the most useful function of C programming language which helps to point a particular memory space. Pointer in C can utilize memory space so that we can easily pick empty space and fill it up with pending processes.
C programming supports recursion which helps to repeat the same function until it meets the required condition. The function which calls itself is known as recursion. Recursion gives us the ability to backtracking and code the reusability function.
Use of C Programming Language
Is C better than Python?
Python is an easy and simple programming language to understand as a beginner. But python is slower than c programming language as they interpreted. Compared to Python C language is faster as it is compiled. In terms of machine learning, C is more reliable than Python as C is very close to the machine.
Both languages are better in their own terms of work.
If you want to work at the assembly level then the C program is for you. If you want to work with website development or AI-based work then Python program helps you better than C Programming Language.
Compiler and IDE for C Programming Language
We start with Dev C++ or Turbo C++ IDEs for the C programming language. But if you have any kind of knowledge about the MinGW package and the concept of an environmental variable, then you can go with the visual studio code. Which gives you a better terminal experience.
Download and Install Method
If you want to start with C language then go for Dev C++. Which you can find in https://sourceforge.net/projects/orwelldevcpp/
If you want to use visual studio code then,
- Install visual studio code from https://code.visualstudio.com/
- Install code runner to the visual studio code
- Install MinGW file https://sourceforge.net/projects/mingw/
- Set up the path of the MinGW file
- For setting path press window+r and then type sysdm.cpl
- Then go to the advanced setting
- Click on the environmental variable
- Click on the path and press edit
- Then press new and add the MinGW bin path.
- Start coding.
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